The Scots played a complex and significant role in the American Revolution. While many Scots in America supported the Patriot cause, others remained loyal to the British Crown. Notable figures of Scottish descent who were involved in the American Revolution include Captain John Paul JonesGeneral Hugh MercerJames Wilson, and John Witherspoon1.

The Declaration of Arbroath, dated April 6, 1320, is often noted for its influence on the 1776 Declaration of Independence. This Scottish declaration asserted Scotland’s right to independence from England and has been celebrated in the U.S. and Canada on April 6 as National Tartan Day1.

Despite this, many Scots, both in Scotland and America, were not in favor of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. This was partly because the Jacobite Rebellion, which many Scots supported, was about restoring the Stuart monarchy, not abolishing the monarchy altogether. Therefore, when the American Revolution aimed at disavowing the monarchy, many Scots rejected the cause1.